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a little about the laws

The rights and obligations of the owner of property in Turkey

February 18, 2020

In any country of the world, including Turkey, property owners need to pay for housing and communal services. At the same time, it does not matter whether the owner of the property is a Turkish citizen or a foreigner. The law is the same for everyone. That is, as soon as a foreigner bought a property in Turkey, he is obliged to pay exactly the same services and the same amount as the local residents. Turkey has its own peculiarities of payment for housing and communal services. First of all, this is the payment of aidat. In Turkey, particularly on the Antalya coast, there are very few houses standing alone. As a rule, developers build several buildings with a common infrastructure, which includes swimming pools, saunas, Parking, playgrounds, etc.All this needs care and order on the territory is monitored by the Management company. This is a professional organization that is a legal entity. It employs gardeners, Elevator operators, security guards, and other necessary employees. In turn, the Management company is usually selected by the residents themselves.

Aidat: features The services of those who work on the territory of the complex and all public facilities on it are paid for by the apartment owners themselves.

Residents pay for the maintenance and cleaning of swimming pools, lighting of playgrounds, security, maintenance of order in fitness halls and saunas. This is a mandatory fee, which is called aidat. Aidat must be paid every month, but sometimes it is allowed to pay once every six months or a year-in advance. This is easier for foreign owners, and the management company often meets them in these matters. In some complexes it is possible to tie the payment to the account of the Armenian cause and the money will be deducted automatically. The amount of aidat is set at the General meeting of residents. That is, the management company prepares a cost estimate that specifies exactly what and how much it costs. Then the amount is divided by all owners in the residential complex, depending on the area of the apartment. You can always check the budget by the owners themselves or invite an independent person to check it. An interpreter may be present at meetings to explain to foreign owners what the agreement is about. Meetings are held once a year, usually in the spring. At meetings, you can also raise the issue of adding some services, such as delivering bread to the complex. Or, on the contrary, to refuse some services. You can, by the way, refuse even the services of a management company and choose another one, if the majority of owners support it. All this is decided collectively, together with the head of the management company. If less than half of the owners came to the meeting, it is postponed for several weeks. If the second time there is no necessary number of owners, then the vote and adoption of a new spending plan for the year is carried out by those present. By the way, if the owner can't come to the meeting, he can write a power of attorney in free form for any resident of the complex. One person can leave up to nine powers of attorney and he will vote for all of them — this is a convenient option for those foreigners who can not come to Turkey for the meeting. Payment for aidat is mandatory, even if the owner does not live in his apartment, for example, comes only for a few months a year. If the owner does not pay aidat, then the management company has the right to file a lawsuit against him and then he makes a decision — as a rule, these are serious fines. On average, if we talk about aidat on the Mediterranean coast, it is 25-40 euros per month. But if the complex has a large territory, there are several pools, then the payment will be higher. Also, it depends on the set of services. For example, in some residential complexes, residents even install Internet in public places. Then, of course, the amount of aidat increases. Therefore, when buying real estate, you need to specify what the idat of the apartment will be. All the features that are accepted in a residential complex are prescribed in special rules.

Charter the LCD Each residential complex has its own rules, which are called the "Charter of the residential complex".

Its text is stored in the Cadastral office. This Charter prescribes all the rules that will have to be followed in a particular complex. For example, in some complexes it is forbidden to keep animals, in some-to glass balconies on the facades of buildings. All this is noted in the rules. Therefore, you also need to ask managers about the Charter before buying real estate, so that there are no unpleasant surprises later. These are the main points of rights and obligations of property owners in Turkey. Before buying an apartment, especially if it is located in a large residential complex, it is necessary to clarify questions about the aidat and the Charter.

Alex O'connar
Alex O'connar

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